Background information on volcanoes

When Vesuvius exploded in AD 79, it buried the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum, killing 16, people. Flows travel downhill at speeds more than 60 miles kilometers per hour, filling existing valleys with the fluid mixture.

Shield volcanoes have lava flows with low viscosity that flow dozens of kilometers; this makes them very wide with smoothly sloping flanks.

Helens in Washington are composite cone volcanoes. A dense wave of superheated air and rock that moves as a fluid from an erupting volcano, sometimes crossing thousands of square miles of landscape. Hydrothermal vents usually occur at midocean ridges where new seafloor is created.

Hot spots are special areas where volcanoes form apart from plates converging or diverging.

10 Interesting Facts About Volcanoes

On the morning of May 18,Mount St. However, the risks are not equivalent from one volcano to another because of differences in eruptive style and geographic location.

Generally, volcanoes are labeled extinct when no eruption has been noted in recorded history. Located isolated east of the Andean crest, with it's perfect steep cone shape and glacier-covered top, it towers majestically at m high above the Amazonian rainforest.

There are 20 Volcanoes Erupting Right Now: Felsic lavas dacites or rhyolites tend to be highly viscous not very fluid and are erupted as domes or short, stubby flows.

It evolved from the idea that certain natural and cultural sites have "universal value" for all people. Hydrothermal Vents Hydrothermal vents are cracks in the ocean floor or chimney-like structures extending from the ocean floor up to feet 45 meters high.

The threat ranking is not an indication of which volcano will erupt next. Ensuing landslides carried debris for nearly 20 miles 32 kilometers. Based on this, geologists classify volcanoes into four shapes: The resulting explosive eruption hurls tons of almost solid magma into the sky, and a vapor cloud forms over the crater.

Generally, volcanoes are labeled extinct when no eruption has been noted in recorded history. This is the only environment on Earth supported by a food chain that does not depend on the energy of the Sun or photosynthesis.

In a Strombolian phase named after the Stomboli volcano on an island north of Sicilythick lava is emitted in continuous but mild explosions. Although some volcanoes can take thousands of years to form, others can grow overnight.

The plates move in response to intense pressure created underneath by the movement of currents carrying heat energy from the center of the planet to the surface.

Background Information for a Volcano Science Project

Geologists estimate that 1, erupted in the last 10, years. The more or less constant eruptive activity has caused frequent changes to the morphology of the summit crater complex. To create the best project possible it is important to know about the characteristics of volcanoes, where volcanoes are most likely to form and what makes them erupt.

We have also recorded an episode of Astronomy Cast about Earth, as part of our tour through the Solar System — Episode Fine ash, thick lava, and glowing, gas-charged clouds are emitted, traveling downhill at a tremendous speed.

Because of the enormous area they may cover, supervolcanoes are hard to identify centuries after an eruption. Eruptive activity ceased in mid-August, This power source awaits only the development of feasible geothermal technology.

Hydrothermal vents are common near these volcanoes, and some support peculiar ecosystems based on dissolved minerals. Jaggar, who came to the islands to establish and serve as director of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.

It released more than 1, cubic kilometers of material, and created a caldera km long and 30 kilometers wide. The plates move in response to intense pressure created underneath by the movement of currents carrying heat energy from the center of the planet to the surface. Viscous lavas tend to form stratovolcanoes or lava domes.

Rock formation that results from a large pyroclastic flow. Pyroclastic flows ignimbrites are highly hazardous products of such volcanoes, since they are composed of molten volcanic ash too heavy to go up into the atmosphere, so they hug the volcano's slopes and travel far from their vents during large eruptions.

Seamounts underwater volcanoes form when oceanic plates both converge move toward each other and diverge move away from each other.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION Overview of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone eruptions. Kīlauea, one of five volcanoes on the Island of Hawai‘i, has been erupting nearly continuously.

Geology and geoscience - introduction

USGS: Volcano Hazards Program - located on the Alaskan Peninsula, has been in a state of volcanic unrest since September 3, Seismicity is above background levels and low-level ash emissions have been observed.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory website offers information about volcanoes in. Get more information about volcanoes from National Geographic. Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park was established on August 1, The park is located in the state of Hawai`i, on the southeastern part of the island of Hawai`i.

Also the home of Kilauea Volcano the most active volcano on Earth. Volcanoes played a large part in the formation of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and continents. When Earth was new, the superheated gases within it Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or. Volcanoes played a large part in the formation of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and continents. When Earth was new, the superheated gases within it (including carbon dioxide) streamed out through countless volcanoes to form the original atmosphere and oceans.

Background information on volcanoes
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